Jama Masjid (जामा मस्जिद)
Jama Masjid is located in the capital city of India and is one of the largest mosques of the country India. It was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. The construction was started in the year 1644 and ended in the year 1656. The total cost of the construction was around 1 million rupees. It was all built with red sandstone walls and white marble was laid all on the floor. The Badshahi Masjid, was built by Aurangzeb at Lahore, Pakistan is similar to the Jama Masjid.
The construction of the Jama Masjid took 12 years in which three gates, four towers and two 40 metres high minarets were constructed. The courtyard of the Jama Masjid was built in a way that it can accommodate approximately 25000 people at once. There are 899 black borders which are marked for the worshippers such that they could pray simultaneously. There are three domes on the terrace of Jama Masjid which are surrounded by two minarets. More than 5000 workers had worked in the construction process of the Jama Masjid.
The northern gate gate of the Jama Masjid has 39 steps and the southern gate has 33 steps. The eastern gate was used by the rural people at that time and it has 35 steps. The architecture was designed in a way that praying hall, courtyard were made so that they can accommodate maximum people. There is a sundial inside the Jama Masjid which was built on the orders of Shah Jahan. The floor of the Jama Masjid is covered with white and black ornamented marble which is done so that it looks like a Muslim prayer mat.
Since, the mosque was built in the 17th century so its walls were destroyed due to the environmental reasons. So in the 2006, government of India did the process of repairing the Jama Masjid in order to protect the historical monument.