Qutub Minar (कुतुब मीनार)
Qutub Minar is situated in the Mehrauli area of South Delhi. Qutub Minar is the tallest minar which is made up of bricks. The total height of Qutub Minar from the base is 73 metres and has a diameter of 14.3 metres and it gets reduced to 2.7 metres at the top or the peak. The Qutub Minar is a five storey tower and has staircase inside it in the round designed manner.
Details of Qutub Minar
Qutab-Ud-Din-Aibak is the founder who started the construction around the year 1192 but he constructed only one storey of the Qutub Minar. Ittumish, son-in-law of Qutub-Ud-Din-Aibak constructed three more storeys in it in the year 1220. Due to the lightening thunder stroke the top floor of the Qutub Minar was destroyed. Firoz Shah Tughlaq did the work of repairing and also added a sixth storey to it. Sher Shah Suri did the work of adding the gate at the entrance when he was the ruler.
There is a much older pillar of iron which is of 7 meter height which was earlier made to dedicate it to Lord Vishnu. It was made in the 3rd to 4th century CE by the ruler Chandragupta II. It is made in a way that the metal used in it is rust resistant composition. Due to the anti rust quality the pillar has not been corroded in the recent years. Due to this the archeologists and surveyors are studying upon the materials used in the making of this pillar.
Fact behind closing of Qutub Minar from inside
Qutub Minar is one of the earliest monuments that exist in the Indian subcontinent. The Qutub Minar was destroyed many times but it was re-built many a times by different rulers. It is built by pale red sandstone and has balconies in it. Earlier, the entrance of Qutub Minar was open for the public, but one serious accident took place on 4th December 1981, in which stamped occurred due to lightening error. Because of this many visitors were crushed to death and some were injured. Since then, it is closed and no one is allowed to go inside it.